Sweden’s military involvement in Iraq consists of a force of 35 personnel tasked with training Iraqi armed forces. The mission is designed to help Iraqi armed forces to resist the development of so-called Islamic State (IS). If required, the Swedish detachment can be temporarily strengthened by a force of no more than an additional 85 servicemen or women.

This multinational operation, which is being conducted in Iraq and Syria, is led from US Central Command in Tampa, Florida. The coalition's military plan for Iraq initially aims to limit the advance of IS by educating and training Iraqi defence forces to subsequently combat the group. This plan forms part of a wider military strategy, together with a variety of other approaches, such as diplomacy and humanitarian measures.

Swedish forces are based primarily in northern Iraq, with the chief task of providing advice and training support to Iraqi defence forces.