Within the framework of government decisions and objectives on defence, the Supreme Commander manages short-term issues against long-term, strategic outcomes.

The Supreme Commander supervises the Armed Forces as a whole, assisted primarily by the Director General and Armed Forces Command, while Headquarters assists the Supreme Commander in matters of authoritative command. At a local level, the Supreme Commander is supported by the heads of local units, schools and training centres.

Armed Forces Headquarters  consists of the Supreme Commander, the Director General, the Chief of Defence Staff and Commander Armed Forces HQ, the Chief Financial Officer, (CFO), the Chief of Armed Forces Training and Development Staff, the Director of Human Resources, the Chief of Joint Operations, the Director of Military Intelligence and Security Service, the Director of Communication and Public Affairs, and the Chief Legal Advisor.

Armed Forces Headquarters handles matters on which the Supreme Commander will, or may take decisions, and which are of substantial significance or strategic importance.

General Micael Bydén has been Supreme Commander since 2015.