Within the framework of government decisions and objectives on defence, the Supreme Commander manages short-term issues against long-term, strategic outcomes.

The Supreme Commander supervises the entire Armed Forces, assisted primarily by the Director General and Armed Forces Command, while Headquarters assists the Supreme Commander in matters of high-level command. At a local level, the Supreme Commander is assisted by the heads of local units, schools and training centres.

Armed Forces Headquarters  comprises the Supreme Commander, the Director General, the Chief of Defence Staff and Commander Armed Forces HQ, the Chief Financial Officer, (CFO), the Chief of Armed Forces Training and Development Staff, the Director of Human Resources, the Chief of Joint Operations, the Director of Military Intelligence and Security Service, the Director of Communication and Public Affairs, and the Chief Legal Advisor.

The Armed Forces Headquarters handles matters that the Supreme Commander will or may decide on, and matters that are of significant strategic importance.

General Micael Bydén has held the position of Supreme Commander since 2015.