The mission is based on resolution 1996 in the UN Security Council of July 2011, and is a Chapter VII operation. The operation is fully integrated, which means that liaison officers form an integrated team with UN civilian police officers, representatives of other UN bodies such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the World Food Programme and the United Nations Secretariat for Human Rights.
The intention is that these teams will live and work in the premises that were used as electoral stations during the country’s independence referendum. Assignments include:
- supporting the government of South Sudan
- establishing an early warning system
- supporting and examine human rights compliance
- protecting the civilian population
- training civilian police officers and interact with South Sudan's military forces
The Swedish contribution to the mission is currently three liaison officers and two staff officers, of which one is attached to air operations.
The mission is currently in the build-up phase, and manoeuver units are being added steadily. Three engineering companies, (of four), are also being supplied, which will play an important role in the expansion of County Support Bases, (CSB), from which the integrated joint action teams will operate.
In total, 35 CSBs have been planned, which will complement the 10 existing State Capital Bases. Every CSB will accommodate around 30 people of which three to four will be liaison officers. Building these relatively small bases in the country’s constituent states requires substantial work due to poor standards of infrastructure, which in some areas is virtually non-existent.