Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO)

The UN Security Council established MONUSCO in 1999 to supervise the implementation of the ceasefire agreement signed in Lusaka in July of that year by the Democratic Republic of Congo,

Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Zimbabwe and Namibia. The agreement was subsequently also signed by the Movement for the Liberation of Congo, (MLC), and the Congolese Rally for Democracy, (RCD).

MONUSCO’s mandate is divided into five phases, the first of which is the implementation of the ceasefire agreement. Subsequent phases include monitoring the implementation of the ceasefire and reporting violations, enabling free elections and support for the elected government.

MONUSCO is headquartered in Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of Congo.